Collection: Research Materials
Using longitudinal survey data, the authors of this report examine Canadian young people’s reports of how closely their parents monitor their behaviour and look at whether the level of such monitoring is related to difference in the youth’s behaviour.
There were three distinct patterns of perceived parental monitoring of children ages 10 through 15, though all three included declining levels of parental monitoring by mid-adolescence. One group of young people reported high levels of parental monitoring; a second group perceived moderate levels of monitoring; and a third reported that parental monitoring began relatively high in late childhood but declined sharply to relatively low levels in mid-adolescence.
The data analysis suggests that lower levels of parental monitoring are associated with higher levels of behaviour problems, school-related delinquency, and drug use. As well, the findings show that lower levels of monitoring were associated with lower math scores, a decreased likelihood of completing homework, and increased odds of youth skipping school or being suspended.
The authors emphasize that the findings do not mean that there is a cause and effect relationship between parental monitoring and the behaviour of adolescents.
The analysis was carried out by Statistics Canada, with funding from the Canadian Council on Learning (CCL).