Collection: Research Materials
According to the 1994 international Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), literacy skills differ considerably between Canada's two official language groups. People whose mother tongue is English generally have higher scores on literacy tests than those whose mother tongue is French. In fact, the disparities are large: two to three times as many anglophones as francophones scored at the highest skill levels. This article first examines the literacy profiles of Canada's two main linguistic groups in terms of such variables as education, age and reading habits, and then calculates the effect of these variables on the "literacy gap" between the two groups.