Celebrating 40 Years of the Adult Education and Literacy System of the United States
Authors: Thomas G. Sticht
The author discusses 40 years of Adult Education in the United States. This year, they celebrate 40 years of Adult Literacy and Literacy System that was created by the Adult Education Act of 1966, and which continues today as Title 2: The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998.
How the Adult Education Act emerged from the adult basic education program of the War on Poverty illustrates how multiple interests were brought together to break through a barrier that had blocked the development of an Adult Education and Literacy System for decades.
Authors: Kay S. Peavey
Supplement to Adult Education Resource Guide and Learning Standards (q.v.). A collection of peer-reviewed and peer-selected instructional strategies incorporating the best practices of New York's adult educators. Lessons cover drama, map reading, sequencing and memory, a mock World Peace Summit, reading, HIV education, and politics.
Authors: Grant Johnston
This paper looks at whether an increase in the basic literacy skills of adults would have a positive effect on the New Zealand economy. It finds good evidence for the benefits of literacy: studies
consistently find that adults with better literacy skills are more likely to be employed, and to earn more, than those with poorer literacy skills, even when taking account of other factors which affect work performance.
There is little rigorous evidence, however, for the benefits of adult literacy training and almost no accompanying information on the costs of this training.
While there is a good case for an increased focus on adult literacy, and on workplace literacy in particular, these findings suggest a cautious approach to expanding publicly-funded adult literacy programmes.
There is a clear need for more and better New Zealand-based research, for piloting innovative literacy programmes and for undertaking good-quality evaluations. A modest increase in literacy training may not materially affect economic performance.
The International Adult Literacy Survey Results
In 1990, Statistics Canada released the results of the Survey of Literacy Skills Used in Daily Activities (LSUDA), a 1989 Canada-wide survey of the reading skills of adults. In 1992, the then Ontario Ministry of Education reported on the LSUDA results for Ontario (Stan Jones, Survey of Adult Literacy in Ontario).
Shortly after the release of the LSUDA results in Canada and those of the National Adult Literacy Survey in the United States, interest in a comparative international study of adult literacy began to grow. In December 1995, the first results of the 1994 survey of adult literacy in seven countries, the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), were reported in Literacy, Economy and Society, a joint publication of Statistics Canada and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In September 1996, Statistics Canada released Reading the Future: A Portrait of Literacy in Canada, a report on the national data collected in IALS.
To measure literacy in IALS, respondents answered a set of test questions designed to measure adult reading skills as well as background questions about their education, work experience and literacy practices.
Ontario participated in the survey in order to gain key data to inform policy development and to focus its literacy programming. The present report covers in detail the IALS results for Ontario. It updates and supplements the previous report, Survey of Adult Literacy in Ontario. It is organized much as the previous report with a table, graph and commentary for each of the major literacy relationships. Throughout the text, shaded boxes provide background information. Usually the tables provide results for three scales -- prose, document and quantitative -- but the graphs are used to point to particularly interesting results in part of the data.
A Developmental Model
Many adults lack sufficient literacy skills for technical training and successful career progression. Because of the crucial
role that literacy plays in instruction and job performance information regarding the nature of literacy skills and their
development is needed. Such information should prove useful in the development of literacy training programs, and in the
development of more effective and/or efficient methods for imparting knowledge by the spoken or printed word.
Because several recent reviews of the scientific literature on reading and language skills failed to uncover many salient
facts for use in guiding literacy research or development of literacy training programs, it was felt that the present review
should be guided by a theory or model which could provide a rationale for sorting, sifting, and interpreting various research
studies. Accordingly, a simple model of the development of oracy and literacy skills was developed, and literature was
reviewed and synthesized within the framework of the model.
The health-literacy connection
Authors: Doris E. Gillis
Have you ever left your doctor's office confused by the advice you were just given? At some time or other, most of us have felt limited in our knowledge and understanding of information related to our health.
Health literacy is a new concept that links our level of literacy with our ability to act upon health information and, ultimately, take control of our health. It builds upon the idea that both health and literacy are critical resources for everyday living.
Addressing health literacy means breaking down the barriers to health that low literacy creates
Authors: Thomas G. Sticht
In this article, the author discusses the data released in the 2005 National Center for Education Statistics showing 30 years of National Assessment of Educational progress.
The author suggests that it is time to acknowledge adult literacy to improve children's reading skills.
Authors: Hugo Kerr
In this book the author examines the concept of dyslexia. He begins by looking at the cognitive psychology of literacy, that is, how the brain works when it reads, writes or spells. He then looks at some interesting and unusual new ideas such as the powerful effect of affect on learning and performance, the significance of learned helplessness to learning and literacy and the enigma of consciousness in our teaching. In his final chapter, he turns his attention to developmental dyslexia, offering a thorough but sceptical scrutiny of this subject.
This book has been organized into the following eight chapter and includes chapter notes and several appendices:
Introduction - in defence of cognitive psychology and what's in this book and how it may be used
Chapter One -Some basic neurology
Chapter two - Language management.
Chapter three - The Great Debate or ‘Reading Wars’.
Chapter Four - Reading: what is it and how do we do it?
Chapter Five - The background to spelling
Chapter Six - The meta-issue
Chapter Seven - Literacy and affect
Chapter Eight - Dyslexia
The purpose of the Directory is to help Canadian health professionals locate excellent examples of plain language health information on a variety of subjects. A list of 375 titles from 50 organizations is presented. As well, the Introduction tells readers how and why we chose the resources that are listed. The Appendices provide basic plain language and clear design tips.
A comparison of Integrated Learning Systems and Stand-alone Software
This research report outlines the research and results of a project designed to investigate some of the purported advantages of using Integrated Learning Systems (ILSes) in adult literacy programs in Manitoba. Specifically, it examined three systems currently being used in the province, namely TRO's PLATO, the Columbia Computer Corporation package, and the Pathfinder computer managed instruction system.