Series: Composite Learning Index
Authors: Canadian Council on Learning (CCL)
The Composite Learning Index (CLI) is an annual measure of Canada’s progress in lifelong learning. It is based on statistical indicators that reflect the many ways Canadians learn, whether in school, in the home, at work or within the community.The first index of its kind in the world, the CLI is a valuable measurement tool that recognizes how learning throughout people’s lives is critical to their individual success, the success of their community and the success
of the country as a whole.
Until the Canadian Council on Learning created the Composite Learning Index in 2006 there was no means to measure how Canada performed across the full spectrum of learning. To reflect this broad perspective, the CLI uses a wide range of learning indicators to generate numeric scores for 4,700 cities and communities across Canada. A high CLI score means that a particular city or community possesses learning conditions that support social and economic well-being.
The 2009 CLI is made up of 17 indicators and 25 specific measures. These are organized within four pillars: Learning to Know, Learning to Do, Learning to Live Together and Learning to Be. These pillars recognize the broad scope of lifelong learning — at home, in the classroom, at work and in the community. Indicators reflect an aspect of the state of lifelong learning across Canada and can include more than one specific measure. Specific measures are the building blocks of the index. These have defined units that quantify each indicator. For example, “Youth literacy skills” is an indicator that uses four specific measures from the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The four measures are: mean problem-solving scores for 15-year-olds; mean reading scores; mean math scores; mean science scores for 15-year-olds.
The report shows a trend of the 2009 CLI scores and trends for major Canadian cities. For the first time, Canada’s overall score on the Composite Learning Index has declined, dropping two points to 75 in 2009, from 77 in 2008.
In short, the CLI is designed as an objective and reliable measurement tool that can help communities make the best possible decisions about learning - decisions that will strengthen social ties, bolster the economy and, of course, improve people’s lives
Authors: Sally Gaikezheyongai
This report is the result of the latest Native Women's Resource Centre literacy project. It is the result of a one-year project that included a community needs assessment aimed at improving access to Native learning programs and services. An overview of the 13 year history of Native Literacy Programs in Toronto is presented. At least 60 community members were consulted, including : (past, present and future) Native Learners, Native literacy practitioners and representatives from local Native agencies who have hosted Native Literacy programs over the years. The report also attempts to demystify what is meant by utilizing a culture-based approach and framework in developing a Native Literacy Program.
For further information, contact :
The Native Women's Resource Centre of Toronto Inc.
191 Gerrard Street East
Toronto ON M5A 2E5
Tel. (416) 963-9963
Fax. (416) 963-9573
WWW : http://www.nativewomenscentre.org/
To understand and describe the state of a field, researchers traditionally carry out a literature review. This approach is widely accepted as a way to summarize what is known in the field. With Connecting the Dots: Improving Accountability in the Adult Literacy Field in Canada the authors knew they needed to do that. But more was needed. While a literature review was critical to understanding the conceptual underpinnings of recent initiatives for greater accountability, it was important to know the impact of these measures on the field. To do this, it was necessary to talk to people who work in the adult literacy
field to hear their perspectives and learn about their experiences. The field review presented here offers those voices to complement the literature review.
The report is organized into four sections: how participants defined accountability and the different emphases they place on the concept; a picture based on interviewees’ descriptions of how accountability information is collected,
by whom and the gaps and challenges encountered; the issues associated with the implementation of accountability measures, the need for respectful, knowledgeable relationships and clarity in communication and expectations; and finally the topic of resources and funding related to accountability structures.
An annotated bibliography
Authors: Centre for Literacy of Quebec
This bibliography was compiled for The Centre for Literacy's 2005 Summer Institute: Adult Basic Education & Literacy, Media and Technology.
The references and annotations point to relevant research, project, strategy and evaluation reports that describe and analyze the current and future influences of changing technologies on definitions of literacy, lifelong learning policy, and program-level practice in Canada and internationally.
This list is far from exhaustive, but represents a core set of readings on the topic and offers a solid starting point for more in-depth research.
Celebrating 40 Years of the Adult Education and Literacy System of the United States
Authors: Thomas G. Sticht
The author discusses 40 years of Adult Education in the United States. This year, they celebrate 40 years of Adult Literacy and Literacy System that was created by the Adult Education Act of 1966, and which continues today as Title 2: The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998.
How the Adult Education Act emerged from the adult basic education program of the War on Poverty illustrates how multiple interests were brought together to break through a barrier that had blocked the development of an Adult Education and Literacy System for decades.
Authors: Audrey M Thomas
This landmark study of the early 1980s provides a useful glimpse of the "state of the art" at that time. This publication addresses issues facing a substantial number of Canadians, the illiterate and the seriously-undereducated.
Authors: Nayda Veeman
The author submitted this thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Educational Administration from the University of Saskatchewan. The study sought to understand policy factors underlying the differences between the literacy levels of Canadian and Swedish adults as reported in the International Adult Literacy Survey.
Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada, April 2008, Vol. 5, No. 1
Authors: Kathryn McMullen
This article, published by Statistics Canada, provides an analysis of some findings from the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (IALLS).
The results indicate that those with the highest levels of literacy participate in adult learning at much higher rates than those at the lowest levels of literacy. The implication is that those most in need of learning to enhance their skills to compete in the labour market are least likely to participate in education and training opportunities.
Family background also plays a key role in participation in adult learning. People who grew up in families where literacy is valued tend to think positively about adult education.
The author notes that financial support from employers plays a central role in supporting opportunities for adult education and training. However, participation in employer-sponsored training is not equal across groups of workers, and workers with the least education are also least likely to participate in training.
Series: State of the Field Report
This study, prepared under the auspices of the Canadian Council on Learning (CCL), is one of a series of reports on the state adult learning in Canada. The reports were intended to offer a knowledge baseline for the Adult Learning Knowledge Centre, which had recently been established at the University of New Brunswick.
The authors reviewed and analyzed information from databases, bibliographies, websites, and publications. As well as offering general observations on literacy, they organized their findings according to specific themes of Aboriginal literacy; English as a Second Language (ESL) and First Language Literacy; Francophone literacy; women and literacy; health literacy; family literacy; corrections literacy; literacy and work; learning disabilities and literacy; and technologies and literacy.
The document also includes detailed information about the methodology used; notes about gaps in available data; and suggestions for further study.