Adult Basic Education and Literacy Journal, 4(1),24-33
This study investigates how Canadians with limited literacy skills make sense of their patient-education experiences. The authors cite a Canadian Council on Learning (CCL) study indicating that 60 per cent of Canadians don’t have sufficient skills to manage their health and their health-care needs. That can mean difficulty in taking medications correctly or using health services effectively.
The authors note that research on the link between literacy and health has tended to focus on policy issues, program evaluation, and assessment tools. Patient education studies have centered on improving the readability of materials and increasing the awareness of literacy issues among health-care professionals. The authors instead sought to investigate the meaning of patient education experiences for adults with limited literacy and chronic illness and to ask how these patient experiences affected these adults and what types of barriers they encountered.
The authors divide their findings into five themes: roles and relationships; language and health-care interactions; living between worlds; mismatched expectations; and powerlessness. They also evaluate their findings through the lenses of adult learning theories and discuss the implications of their findings for all parties.
The authors provide a literature review and outline their research methodology.
OECD Education Working Papers, No. 72
This document is housed on the OECD server.
The authors of this paper note that, as the population ages, the relationship between aging and skills is becoming an important policy issue. Their goal is to provide an overview of what is known about age-skill profiles and to carry out an analysis that shows how data based on repeated measures can be used to estimate skill gain and skill loss over the lifespan and over time.
They note that data from the 1994-1998 International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) and the 2003-2007 Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey (ALL) will be linked with the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). This offers a unique opportunity to examine trends over time for a wide range of countries.
In addition to analyzing statistical data, the authors summarize a variety of studies pertaining to the effects of both genetics and early learning in the development of skills. They use a variety of charts and graphs to present the information clearly.
A PowerPoint Presentation
Series: IALSS 2003 Findings
Authors: Satya Brink, Ph.D.
This PowerPoint presentation looks at the implications for Canada of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey of 2003. Because the international document did not provide basic statistics for Canada, many new charts for Canada were created for this presentation.
The author examines the level of literacy proficiency in the Canadian working-age population; the proficiency of Canadians in different component skills; how Canadians compare internationally; factors affecting literacy proficiency; and how literacy performance is distributed in the Canadian population.
The findings contain both good news and areas of concern. On the plus side, Canada maintained its average literacy score between 1994 and 2003. However, the author points out that while the proportion of Canadians with lower literacy skills remained the same, the number of people at that level rose to 9 million because any improvement was slower than the rate of population change.
As well, immigrants, particularly recent immigrants and immigrants whose mother tongue is neither English nor French, did poorly in the survey.
Pre-School to Adult
Authors: NWT Literacy Council
Over the years, many people have asked us to put together a package of information on Aboriginal literature that is suitable for different age groups. That task, however, is not particularly easy. An extensive array of material is available nowadays, but should it all be included in such a list?
Considerable debate surrounds what is sometimes called “appropriation of voice” – when a person, no matter how sympathetic, depicts someone from another culture. We can only say that we have tried our best to be selective, and appreciate any feedback that people might have about our list.
Authors: Michael Sweeney
This document is a thesis submitted to the University of Athabasca by a student completing a Master of Distance Education degree. The intent of the research project described in this paper was to determine if the Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) could be used to improve access to adult literacy services and the quality of instruction that is provided to rural residents. Although TDDs have been available since the 1960s, they have been used for educational purposes only within the hearing-impaired community. This study examined how those who can hear could use the technology. A case study was conducted at a literacy agency that provides basic literacy instruction. Staff members, instructors, and students participated in both the design and the conduct of learning activities.
This paper includes an introductory chapter with background information, literature review, methodology, results and discussion, and conclusions and recommendations.
Authors: Norman S. Rowen
This document offers a description and comparative analysis of possible approaches to service coordination for Employment Ontario (EO) to help achieve the vision of a comprehensive system that breaks down barriers between programs and better integrates the supports that clients require to be successful in their training.
The author and his team examined four possible approaches to service coordination: case management, inter-agency cooperation, integrated programming, and community‐wide planning. They consulted a broad range of Literacy and Basic Skills (LBS) practitioners throughout the province; reviewed literature on best practices in Canada and in other countries; and conducted interviews with representatives from Workforce Literacy and Essential Skills (WLES) projects. Based on their findings, the author concludes that coordinating services using a case management approach is likely to be most effective, and the challenges to adopting this approach can, on balance, be addressed with current resources
Building a Case for Pursuing and Completing an Apprenticeship
Authors: Canadian Apprenticeship Forum (CAF)
The goal of this project was to assess the outcomes of apprentices, and compare those outcomes with the outcomes of individuals who did not complete an apprenticeship; graduates of other college programs; and individuals who did not pursue any postsecondary training.
The authors analysed several surveys of provincial college graduates as well as the National Apprenticeship Survey (NAS) and the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Only the four provinces that collected and were able to share relevant data were included: British Columbia, Alberta, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
For the purpose of comparing college outcomes, the authors identified four distinct groups: apprenticeship completers; trades program completers; graduates of selected applied and technical programs; and all college completers, excluding trades programs.
The findings showed that individuals who complete apprenticeships are more likely to be working, both immediately after graduation and several years later; have better earning potential, in both the short and long term; and report higher levels of job security and satisfaction.
This document was prepared by the Canadian Apprenticeship Forum (CAF), a national non-for-profit organization that promotes apprenticeship as an effective means of training and education.
Series: The Monograph Series
More and more research demonstrates that social, demographic and economic factors and practices affect the health of a population. However, much less is known about literacy skills and practices among those with higher health risks. Understanding these relationships is important, since weak literacy skills may impede good health care practices and healthy lifestyle decisions. Literacy can therefore be considered an important policy issue for health promotion: enhancing literacy can help to achieve health promotion goals, and understanding literacy practices and patterns can assist in more effectively directing health messages to target populations.
Using Canadian data from the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), this research paper compares the health-related characteristics of seniors with their literacy skills and practices. The findings support the view that literacy skills and practices may serve as "barriers" in the attainment of good health.
This highlights paper is a summary from the fifth in a series of monographs using data from the IALS. For more information, contact : Nancy Darcovich, Statistics Canada, at (613) 951-4585. The document is also available on the National Literacy Secretariat Website at : http://www.nald.ca/fulltext/nls/ials/atrisk/cover.htm (98.12.29)
Authors: Arleen Lyda Pare
This thesis was submitted to the University of British Columbia for a Master of Arts in the Faculty of Education. It is the result of a study undertaken to explore the relationship between student attendance and student resistance in an Adult Basic Education (ABE) classroom.
Authors: Joan B. Perry
The scope and nature of attrition encountered in adult literacy programs was explored in context of the Minto Community Academic Services Program (CASP), a New Brunswick community-based program offering academic and intermediate adult upgrading services.
Studies in ABE programs, attrition statistics, CASP reports, and the Minto CASP program's student termination list were reviewed in an effort to better understand attrition. The program's origin and outcomes were explored in the hope of finding strategies for student retention